What you need to know about the Six Constitutional Amendments to Florida ballot papers


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An amendment to the Florida constitution changes if it gets the approval of 60 percent of the electorate.

Jacksonville, Florida – Florida voters have a unique opportunity to directly change the state constitution up to six times this election cycle with six amendments to the ballot.

These include four constitutional amendments introduced by Citizen Initiatives and two others by the Florida Legislature. The amendment is passed when it has the approval of 60 percent of the electorate.

One amendment this year, Amendment 4, modifies this very process by which a nation’s constitution can be changed. You can see details about him and others by scrolling down.

Florida Amendment 1

Title: Citizenship requirement to vote in Florida elections

Summary: “This amendment provides that only United States citizens who are at least eighteen years old, who are permanently resident in Florida and are registered to vote, as required by law, are eligible to vote in the Florida election.”

What does this mean? The Florida Constitution, Article VI, Section 2, It currently states that “every citizen of the United States who is at least eighteen years old and is a permanent resident of the state, if registered in accordance with the provisions of the law, must be an elector for the county in which they are registered.”

Instead of “every citizen,” the text used to say “only a citizen.”

A group called Florida Citizen Voters, which is a Florida-based political committee, is sponsoring the amendment. According to its president, John Loudon, the change in language is necessary because it challenges any future local laws that allow non-citizens to vote, he said. Washington Post. The outlet found Loudon and his wife to be supporters of President Donald Trump.

Speaking to the Washington Post, Governor Spokesman Ron DeSantes said that voting for non-citizens is already illegal in Florida.

What if I voted yes? You support changing the Florida constitution, which states that only “US citizens” who are 18 years of age or older can vote in Florida.

What if I voted no? You do not support amending the Florida constitution, so the current language of “every citizen” remains the same.

Florida Amendment 2

Title: Raising Florida’s Minimum Wage

Summary: Raise the minimum wage to $ 10.00 an hour effective September 30, 2021. Every September 30 after that, the minimum wage should be increased by $ 1.00 per hour until the minimum wage reaches $ 15.00 an hour on September 30, 2026. From that point onwards , The future minimum wage increases to the annual inflation adjustment effective September 30, 2027.

What does this mean? The Florida Constitution, Article X, Section 24, It will be adjusted to increase the current state minimum wage from $ 8.56 an hour to $ 10 an hour starting September 30, 2021. Then it will increase by $ 1 per year until it reaches $ 15 an hour in September 2026. After that, the increases in the minimum wage will be an adjustment for inflation .

Attorney John Morgan and his campaign, Florida for Fair Pay, lead this amendment.

“I am sure Florida residents are compassionate and know that giving every worker a fair wage means not only raising the bar for those who will directly benefit but raising our wider economy when the hard-working people have more money to spend,” Morgan said.

In a letter to Miami HeraldThe president and CEO of the Florida House and Restaurant Association wrote that increasing the minimum wage will lead to business owners finding ways to control costs.

“The solutions include reducing the number of staff and remaining staff hours and looking for alternatives to work such as automation,” said Carol P. Dover.

What if I voted yes? You support a change to the Florida constitution to increase the state’s minimum wage to $ 15 an hour by September 2026.

What if I voted no? You are not in favor of changing the minimum wage, so the current minimum wage of $ 8.56 an hour remains unchanged.

Related: Post-poll: Amendment 2 and raise the Florida minimum wage

Florida Amendment 3

Title: All voters vote in primary elections for the legislative state, the governor, and the cabinet

Summary: All registered voters are allowed to vote in primaries for the state legislature, governor, and cabinet, regardless of political party affiliation. All candidates for a position, including party candidates, appear on the same primary ballot. Two of the most voted winner will run for the general election. If only two of the candidates qualify, the primaries will not take place and the winner is decided in the general election. The candidate’s party affiliation may appear on the ballot paper as stipulated by law. As of January 1, 2024.

What does this mean? The Florida Constitution, Article VI, Section 5, It will be amended to include Section C, and fundamentally change the state primary election system from closed elections restricted to party-affiliated voters to a system that allows people to participate regardless of party, and the first two candidates go to general elections. This is the “two most important of the basics”.

Currently, a voter must be registered with a political party, such as the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, to vote in the primaries.

All Voters Vote Inc. And its chief attorney, Glenn Burhans Jr., said the vote would be easier.

“The reason for amending the vote of all voters is not to change the balance of power in favor of one party or another.” The proof told WFSU. “The purpose of amending all voters’ votes is to empower all voters, so that they have a say in important elections.”

The Florida Democratic Party And the Florida Republican Party Modification opposes. In September, several black lawmakers came out in opposition as well, saying the statute would limit minority representation. People over profits Chairman Shawn Shaw Tell the news service in Florida If this system were, for example, in effect during the 2018 primaries, then Governor Ron DeSantes and Adam Putnam, both Republicans, would have run in the general election for governor.

Three states use this type of platform: California, Nebraska, and Washington.

What if I voted yes? You support changing the Florida Constitution to create an open system for primary elections for state legislatures, the governor and cabinet members.

What if I voted no? You do not support changing the state’s closed statute, so the current system remains: Voters belonging to a party can vote only in their party primaries.

Related: Post-poll: Understanding Florida Amendment 3, Primary Voting

Florida Amendment 4

Title: Voter approval of constitutional amendments

Summary: “It requires voter approval of all proposed amendments or revisions to the state constitution in two elections, instead of one, in order to take effect. The proposal applies the current thresholds of passage to both elections.”

What does it mean? The Florida Constitution, Article 11, Sections 5 and 7, It will be amended to change how Florida is currently amending its constitution. Follow this: Currently, when an amendment is introduced to the ballot paper, it can only be approved by 60 percent of the electorate. If it reaches this point, it is added to the Florida constitution.

This adjustment will repeat the process again. If the Amendment 4 is passed, the 60 percent threshold remains in place and the process follows: The amendment gains voter approval and is placed on the next statewide ballot in a general election. If the amendment gets 60 percent again, it is added to the constitution.

Keeping our PC clean is the group behind the effort to pass Amendment 4. MP Jason Zimmerman told WFSU The amendment aims to restrict citizens from being their own legislature by adding amendments to the Florida constitution.

“If you want to amend the constitution for Florida, you have to put it on the ballot first, pass it through the normal process, and then vote on it again,” Zimmerman told WFSU. “By passing it twice, we think we can reduce how much weird constitutional amendments you know.”

The Florida Women’s League opposes Amendment 4, arguing that it reduces citizens’ power.

“We believe it will be the ultimate nail in the coffin of the Florida Citizen Initiative petition process,” Brigham Tell the Orlando Sentinel.

What if I voted yes? You Support Florida Change of Amendment Process: If an amendment to change the Florida Constitution receives 60 percent support, it will appear in the general ballot following the second vote. With another 60% support, the amendment was passed.

What if I voted no? You are not in favor of changing the current amendment process, so once an amendment is entered to the ballot paper, it is approved with 60 percent voter support and that’s it.

Florida Amendment 5

Title: Limitations on Homestead Reviews

Summary: “A proposal to amend the state constitution, effective January 1, 2021, to increase the time period during which you can transfer your outstanding Save-Our-Homes benefits from a previous home to a new home, from 2 to 3 years.”

What does it mean? The Florida Constitution, Article 7, Section 4; Article 12 It will be modified to allow anyone to transfer your Save Our Home benefits in three years instead of two. The Florida House of Representatives unanimously approved the issue to be brought before the electorate.

The The Tampa Bay Times Editorial Board says it is reasonable and agreeable Amendment 5 by writing, in part: “People who sell their Home Relief Homes have two years to move into a new home and carry that tax deduction with them. Except that they don’t really do so. … to say the Save Our Homes Exemption, Florida law says they must That the homeowner “took a waiver of the home as of January 1 for any of the two immediately preceding years.”

“So anyone can easily miss you by selling a home late in the year and then building a new one that isn’t finished by New Years Eve the following year – in other words, just a year and a few days later.”

What if I voted yes? You support homeowners with up to three years to convert their Save Our Home benefits into a new property.

What if I voted no? You do not support a change in the constitution, and there remains a two-year limit to transferring Save Our Home benefits.

Florida Amendment 6

Title: Ad Valorem tax deduction for spouses of some deceased veterans with permanent combat-related disabilities

Summary: It states that the tax deduction on home property for some veterans with permanent combat-related disabilities passes to the surviving spouse of a veteran who holds legal or beneficial support for the home’s property, and resides permanently in it, until he marries, sells, or otherwise Disposal of the property. The deduction may transfer to the ownership of a new home for the surviving spouse under certain circumstances. The amendment takes effect on January 1, 2021. ”

What does it mean? The Florida Constitution, Article VII, Section 6; Article 12 It will be modified to allow the surviving veteran’s spouse to obtain a tax deduction on current home ownership. If he or she sells the property and moves to a new home, a deduction that does not exceed the previous deduction will be carried over. It will not be applied if he or she remarries.

Florida lawmakers unanimously agreed to roll the amendment to the electorate.

What if I voted yes? You support allowing the spouse of a deceased veteran to obtain a home property tax deduction.

What if I voted no? You do not support any change to the Florida Constitution, and the home property tax deduction will not be transferred to the surviving spouse of a deceased veteran.

* Special thanks to you Ballotpedia Their helpful evidence provided assistance in compiling this report.


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